Document Type : Original Research Article


Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, University of Birjand, P. O. Box 97175615, Birjand, Iran


In this study, the phylum Cynodon dactylon was assessed phyto-chemically. The results revealed that the plant had a rich source of phytochemicals as the root of this plant contains 830.27 mg/kg of carbohydrate. Also, 2.5 mg/g phenolic compounds were found in the ethanolic extract of the plant. Fatty acid composition of the plant as also investigated, wherein palmitic acid and linoleic acid had the highest contents in aerial parts of C. dactylon with 37.63% and 30.45%, respectively. In addition, high antiradical activity was found for the stem extract of the plant. Finally, bis(2-ethylheptyl) phthalate as an anti-oxidant and anticancer compound was extracted from the C. dactylon plant stem extract and fully identified and characterized using the FT-IR, CHN, 1H NMR, 13C NMR analysis along with various 2D NMR techniques.

Graphical Abstract

Phytochemical studies of Cynodon dactylon (L.) and isolation and characterization of bis(2-ethylheptyl) phthalate from the plant


Main Subjects

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