Scopus, MSRT, ISC, CAS, Google Scholar...

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Guilan,University Campus 2, Rasht, Iran


Chelating adsorbents have been considered to be suitable materials for the recovery of cadmium in water treatments. Adsorption of Cadmium (II) ions on melamine-butanedioic acid, modified poly (Styrene-alternative-maleic anhydride) cross-linked by 1, 2-diaminobutane (CSMA-MB) and pit shell of sour cherry (Prunus cerasus rock) (PCR) as an ion exchange adsorbents have been investigated in aqueous solution. The adsorption behavior of these Cadmium (II) ions on the adsorbents was studied by varying the parameters such as pH (2-8), adsorbent dose (0-4.0 g/L-1), contact time (0‒240 min), and Cadmium (II) ion concentration (20-300 mg/L-1). Adsorption percentage was increased by increasing each of these parameters. The isotherm models such as Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, and Dubinin-Radushkevich were used to describe adsorption equilibrium. The results showed that the best fit was achieved with the Langmuir isotherm equation, yielding maximum adsorption capacities of 81.30, 80.42 mg/g-1 for Cd (II) with CSMA-MB and PCR respectively. Both adsorbents, CSMA-MB and PCR, are very suitable for the removal Cadmium (II) ions from aqueous solutions. The adsorbents were characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray diffraction analysis (XRD).

Graphical Abstract

Synthesized nanoparticles of poly (Styrene–alternative-maleic anhydride) and prunus cerasus rock used for removing Cadmium (II) ions from aqueous solutions


Main Subjects

[1]. Ahmad S., Khalid N., Daud M. Sep. Sci. Technol., 2003, 38:20024
[2]. Gabelich C.J., Tran T.D., Suffet Meu H.I. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2002, 39:3010
[3]. Krishnan K.A., Anriudhan T.S. Ind. J. Chem. Technol., 2002, 9:32
[4]. Viet H.P., Phamm H.D., Thanh T.D., Sunwook K., Jin S.C. J. Mater Chem., 2012, 22:10530
[5]. Ma Q.Y., Traina S.J., Logan T.J., Ryan J.A. Environ. Sci. Technol., 1993, 27:1803
[6]. Ma Q.Y.,  Logan T.J., Traina S.J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 1995, 29:1118
[7]. Mohammad  A., Mohamed N.P.A. J. Sci. Ind. Res., 1997, 56:523
[8]. Perrone J., Fourest B., Giffaut E. J. Colloid Interface Sci., 2001, 239:303
[9]. Prasad M., Majumdar A.K., Rao G.M., Rao T.C. Minerals and Metallurgical Processing, 1995, 12:92
[10]. Prasad M., Saxena S., Amritphale S.S., Chandra N. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2000, 39:3034
[11]. Prasad M., Saxena S., Amritphale S.S., Chandra N. Environ. Technol., 2001, 22:367
[12]. Reichert J., Binner J.G.P.  J. Mat. Sci., 1996, 31:1231
[13]. Vorrada L., Krit T., Passakorn E., Wanchai B., Achanai B. Advan Mater Sci Eng., 2013, 92:3403
[14]. Yuping X., Schwartz F.W., Traina S.F. Environ. Sci. Technol., 1994, 28:1472
[15]. Iqbal M., Edyvean R.G.J. Minerals Engineering, 2004, 17:217
[16]. Iqbal M., Edyvean R.G.J. Chemosphere, 2005, 61:510
[17]. Ko D.C.K., Porter J.F., Mckay G. Chem. Eng. Sci., 2000, 55:5819
[18]. Huang C.P., Wu M.H. J. Water. Pollut. Control Fed., 1975, 47:2437
[19]. Chowdhury U.K., Biswas B.K., Chowdhury T.R., Samanta G., Mandal B.K., Basu G.C., Chanda C.R., Lodh D., Saha K.C., Mukherjee S.K., Roy S., Kabir S., Quamruzzaman Q., Chakraborti D. Environ Health Perspect., 2000,108:393
[20]. Duan N., Wang X.L., Liu X.D., Lin C., Hou J. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 2010, 2:1585
[21]. Pappas R.S., Polzin G.M.,  Zhang L.,  Watson H., Paschal D.C., Ashley D.L. Food and Chem. Toxicol., 2006 44, 714
[22]. Gerhardsson L., Dahlin L., Knebel R., Schütz A. Environ. Health Perspect., 2002, 110:115
[23]. Ghani A. Egyptian Acad J Biol Sci., 2011, 2:9
[24]. Wolińska A., Stępniewska Z., Włosek R. Nat. Sci., 2013, 5:253
[25]. Yongsheng W., Qihui L., Qian T. Procedia Engineering, 2011,18:214
[26]. Zayed A.M., Terry N. Plant Soil., 2003, 249:139
[27]. Zhitkovich A. Chem Res Toxicol., 2005, 18:3
[28]. Albero B., Sanchez-Brunete C., Miguel E., Aznar R., Tadeo J.L. J. Chromatogr. A, 2014, 1336:52
[29]. Andersen H.R., Hansen M., Kjølholt J., Stuer-Lauridsen F., Ternes T., Halling-Sørensen B. Chemosphere, 2005,61, 139
[30]. Andreozzi R., Raffaele M., Nicklas P. Chemosphere, 2003, 50:1319
[31]. Andreozzi R., Caprio V., Ciniglia C., De Champdore M., Lo Giudice R., Marotta R., Zuccato E. Sci. Technol., 2004, 38:6832
[32]. Ashton D., Hilton M., Thomas K.V. Sci. Total Environ., 2004, 333:167
[33]. Azzouz A., Ballesteros E. Sci. Total Environ., 2012, 419:208
[34]. Ferraria A.M., Lopes da Silva J.D., Botelho do Rego A.M. Polymer, 2003,44:7241
[35]. Vimlesh C., Kwang S. Chem Commun., 2011, 47:3942
[36]. Gallardo V., Ruiz M.A., Delgado A.V. Pharmaceutical suspensions and their applications, 2000, 13:409
[37]. Viet H.P., Phamm H.D., Thanh T.D., Sunwook K., Jin S.C. J. Mater Chem., 2012, 22:10530
[38.] Guillena G., Ramon D.J., Yus M. Tetrahedron: Asymmetry, 2007, 18:693
[39.] Samadi N., Ansari R., Khodavirdilo B. Egyp. J. Petro., 2017, 26:375
[40.] Samadi N., Ansari R., Khodavirdilo B. IJAC., 2017, 4:50